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What is the difference between ultraviolet sterilization lamp and common fluorescent lamp?

What is the difference between ultraviolet sterilization lamp and common fluorescent lamp?

2020-07-10

In at present a lot of disinfect product, ultraviolet ray disinfect lamp is one of common disinfect lamp, with common fluorescent lamp have certain distinction. What is the common difference between ultraviolet sterilization lamp and ordinary fluorescent lamp?

The difference between ultraviolet sterilization lamp and ordinary fluorescent lamp

The difference between ultraviolet sterilization lamp and ordinary fluorescent lamp is that the sterilization lamp does not need to stimulate the ultraviolet ray into visible light, the wavelength is 253.7nm ultraviolet ray can play a very good sterilization effect. The absorption spectrum lines of cells to light waves are regular. Cells have the maximum absorption of ultraviolet rays with a wavelength of 250~270nm. So what is the effect of these ultraviolet rays absorbed by cells on cells? It can function in the cell's genetic material or DNA, thereby to cells play a allochromatic, ultraviolet photon energy is absorbed DNA base pairs in the cells, it will cause a great deal of genetic material in the cells of variation, this with people by illuminate the x ray cells will arise, ultraviolet irradiation can make the bacteria died instantly or cannot reproduce, under the action of this can achieve the purpose of sterilization.

 

Although the principle of ultraviolet sterilization lamp and fluorescent lamp and energy-saving lamp is the same, but the use of materials is different, ordinary fluorescent lamp USES ordinary glass, but such a material can not make the wavelength is 253.7nm ultraviolet ray out, so ultraviolet sterilization lamp can not use ordinary glass. You should use what material to make uv give up, that is quartz glass, the material of uv transmittance is very high, can reach 90%, so the quartz glass is the best material to do the sterilization lamp, due to the performance of the quartz glass and thermal expansion coefficient and common glass has a very big difference, so the ultraviolet germicidal lamp sealing cannot be used when using the common fluorescent lamp manufacturing high degree of automation of the circular sealing solution, to use manufacturing high technical content of technology, so the ultraviolet germicidal lamp on market price higher than the ordinary energy-saving lamps.

ultraviolet sterilization lamp 

Advantages and disadvantages of ultraviolet sterilization lamp

 

The spectral lines of ultraviolet sterilization lamps are mainly 254nm and 185nm. Among them, 254nm is the ozone-free ultraviolet ray and 185nm is the ozone-free ultraviolet ray.

 

Ozone type:

 

Advantages: ozone has a strong oxidation, can effectively kill bacteria, ozone dispersion can just make up for the ultraviolet ray only along the straight line, disinfection has the shortcoming of dead Angle.

 

Weakness: but exceed bid ozone is an invisible killer! It strongly irritates people's respiratory tract, resulting in sore throat, chest cough, bronchitis and emphysema, elimination of poison need to open a window for ventilation.

 

Ozone-free:

 

Advantages: no ozone, sterilized people can enter the room immediately.

 

Disadvantages: only along the straight line, disinfection has a dead corner.

 

How to test whether the ultraviolet lamp is qualified?

 

(1) Install the ultraviolet lamp on the measuring stand and indicate the exposure table at the vertical center position below the lamp tube (the distance between the lamp tube and the exposure table can be adjusted up and down to reach the specified intensity of exposure during detection).

 

(2) Open the TUV36W ultraviolet lamp tube, and after 5min, the tube will work steadily. According to the intensity indicated by each standard color block on the indicator card, adjust the ultraviolet radiation intensity (measured by illuminometer) at the test point in the center of the irradiation table under the lamp tube respectively for subsequent irradiation test.

 

(3) During the irradiation test, the discoloration area of the indicator card shall be irradiated on the measuring stand. Each group of 10 indicator CARDS was divided into one group, each group was irradiated for 1 min, and each intensity irradiated for 3 groups (a total of 30 indicator CARDS).

 

(4) Immediately after irradiation, observe the illuminated indicator card with the naked eye, and compare the color blocks in the discoloration area with the corresponding standard color blocks.

 

(5) At the same time, determine the intensity of uv exposure with an illuminometer to check with the result of the indicator card.

 

(6) If the coincidence rate between the color block of the discoloration area and the standard color block and the detection result of the indicator card and the measurement result of the illuminometer is ≥90%, it can be judged as qualified.

 

Can ultraviolet lamp dispel formaldehyde and mite bug?

 

Ozone produced by ultraviolet lamps removes formaldehyde.

 

Ozone has a strong affinity, can achieve the purpose of "fresh" air, formaldehyde oxidation decomposition into harmless to human body carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O), the specific chemical reaction formula is HCHO+2O3=CO2+H2O+2O2, 2HCHO+2O3=2CO2+2H2O+O2. And has the bactericidal effect at the same time.

 

Because ozone is a kind of harmful gas, it can cause certain harm to human body and other living things. Its strong oxidizing material also has strong corrosiveness at the same time, therefore can cause certain damage to the articles in the home. So ozone lamps have been replaced by new methods to remove formaldehyde.

 

Ultraviolet lamp can remove mites

 

The results of scientific research show that the killing rate of ozone on bacteria and viruses is much higher than that of ultraviolet ray. Ozone is easy to dissolve in water, and its solubility in water is about 13 times that of oxygen. After dissolving in water, ozone has stronger disinfection and sterilization ability.

 

Ozone is harmful in small amounts, generally not more than one percent acceptable. Small amounts can be refreshing and have many benefits.

 

Ozone can kill mites. Ozone disinfection is better than chemical disinfection and ultraviolet irradiation, sterilization is faster, sterilization is better under high humidity. Ozone is the allotrope of oxygen.

 

With ozone function ultraviolet disinfection lamp, only its ultraviolet radiation intensity is higher than ordinary ultraviolet lamp, produce ozone is its "incidental" function, because this the ozone amount that its produce obviously cannot compare with "full-time" ozone machine.

 

When ultraviolet rays are irradiated, they produce more ozone because of oxidation, such as high ultraviolet intensity. Uv penetration is very weak (generally used to disinfect surfaces where the light source is no more than 1.

 

The ultraviolet ray disinfection lamp that has ozone function is better with, because it is in while using ultraviolet ray disinfect germ, still produce ozone to disinfect, still clean air at the same time.

 

Sufficient concentration and long enough time can kill mites. There are videos of such experiments abroad and I have seen them. But ordinary concentration of ozone gas and the concentration of room disinfection may not work.

 

Ozone is highly destructive to viruses. For example, when the ozone concentration is 0.05-0.45 mg/L, the Poloi virus will lose its activity in 2 min. At a ozone concentration of 0.3 at a cost of mg/L, the action was completed in 2.4 min.


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